Book - The Naval War Effect - details and INDEX below post of 25. February 2015
Remark: Five out of 19+ images
and mild Winters.
The effect of stirring
The actual winter 2014/15 is up to now no winter in Northern Europa (Fig. 1-2). Can anthropogene activities in the North Sea, Baltic and coastal seas be made partly responsible? Presumably yes! Stirring hot coffee will cool it down. At the end of August the sea areas have gained their maximum potential of warmth. Many ship propellers are plowing through the sea stirring the surface layer to a depth of 15 meters. In the North Sea and Baltic there are continuously ten thousand and more motor ships at sea. Several thousand offshore facilities on the bottom of the sea or anchored offshore rigs divert currents at sea and influence tides and currents as a permanent resistance against the normal flow of huge amounts of ocean water. (Fig. 3-8) The result is like stirring hot soup. Warm water will come to the surface and the heat will supply the atmosphere with warmth. The air will become warmer and the winters will be milder. The correlation is not to be overseen. It is not relevant to climate research or agencies allowing offshore structures who do not consider such evaluations.
Strong warming during winter season.
The situation at the beginning of the evaluation is obvious.
In Europe the mean average temperature during the last century has risen by 0.9°C.
In the last 30 years the tendency of warming per decade with about 0.41°C was
significantly higher than the global mean of +0.17°C. Warming in central and
northern Europe was very strong and winter temperatures rose faster than summer
The same is reported about the Baltic. It warmed by
around 0.03°C per decade stronger than other sea areas. In the course of the 20th
century the Baltic warmed by approximately 0.85°C (Ref.). This had a direct influence on air temperatures, as DER SPIEGEL reported several years ago: „….the temperature in the
Baltic area increased by one tenth of a degree, more than the global average ….
The warming of the air in the northern Baltic area by 1°C was higher than in
the southern region with 0.7°C.“.
An example for the importance of the available water volume is shown in the Baltic. The increase of mean water temperature near Gotland since 1993 was almost 6°C and around Bornholm it was about 8°C (Ref.). The mean water depth of the Baltic is 52m (Nord Sea 94m) and is less in the south than in the eastern Baltic. The explanation of this significant difference of 2°C can be a different amount of ship traffic. According to HELCOM a permanent number of 2000 large (sizable) ships sail the Baltic at any time. This implies that this armada agitates the surface layer down to 10m depth and deeper in the entire Baltic within two weeks. In the southern Baltic more because of higher ships traffic thus explaining the greater rise in temperature. That this aspect plays an important role can be explained by the fact that comparable values in both regions, Gotland and Bornholm, were only around 4°C.
mankind, during the course of a year, agitates the water column of North Sea
and Baltic by stirring, more warmth is taken to deeper water in the summer
season and rises to the surface from lower layers in the winter period, where
heat is exchanged with the air until sea icing is observed. This is a process
that can be seen from the beginning of September until the end of March.
Small and large weather situation on February 22, 2015, influence in the Chicago area?
is not the world. However Western Europe is under the influence of the weather
belt from West to East. Atlantic low pressure areas move east (Fig.17), unless
cold continental high pressure air blocks them. These are the winters that
Europe talks about. This succeeds very well when the North Sea and Baltic do
not assist the Atlantic weather because they cannot release enough heat or are
hindered by sea icing. In this winter they are perfect helpers and keep the
cold from Siberia at a safe distance. (Fig. 14-16).
facts are conclusive. “Global Climate Change” cannot cause a special rise in
temperatures in Northern Europe, neither in the North Sea nor the Baltic or
beyond. Any use of the oceans by mankind has an influence on thermo-haline
structures within the water column from a few cm to 10m and more. Noticeable
warmer winters in Europe are the logical consequence.
“Climate Change & Naval War, A Scientific Assessment”, 2005, www.trafford.com
Bernaerts’ Guide to 1982 UNCLOS, 2006, www.trafford.com
D. CLIMATIC IMPACTS OF WORLD WAR I
E. GLOBAL COOLING SINCE WWII
F. TIME TO MAKE 20TH CENTURY CLIMATE CHANGE EXPLAINED
Atlantic SST, 1998
Pacific SST, 1997
Peace to Ocean, 1996
Peace to Ocean, 1994
Nature, Letter, 1992
1982 UN Convention Law of the Sea
Material in German
The thematic in a new publication
Failures of Meteorology!
Wohnung zu vermieten in Spitzenlage.